US sets 2025 goal to tame Alzheimer's explains Secretary of Health, Kathleen Sebelius announced the first national Alzheimer's plan. Currently 5.4 million Americans have Alzheimer's, but by 2050 the number swells to 16 million, and an economic cost of $1T. (Yes, that is a 'T', for trillion.) The current cost is believed to be $200B for 2012.
Shown in the graphic above is the beta amyloid protein that may be the culprit of the disease. The big emphasis in the new national plan is research. Research will be increased by $80M in 2013, but additional funds will be provided for caregiver support, public education, and data collection.
The BBC article adds that previous research has correlated Alzheimer's to diabetes, and some preliminary results have shown an insulin nasal spray can assist restoration of memories. This will be a new drug trial, as well as a second trial for a drug believed to attack amyloid proteins.
The U.S. also announced a new website designed to assist caregivers with information about Alzheihmer's and treating the disease. The URL is simple - www.alzheimers.gov .